Import to Russia

The share of imported products in the Russian non-food retail is up to 75%, this figure has practically not changed over the past five years. This is stated in the research of the ISMU HSE, which is at the disposal of TASS. The Institute of State and Municipal Administration of the National Research University Higher School of Economics conducted a study on the assessment of imported goods in retail trade in Russia. Food products, cars and fuel were excluded from the calculations, the article says. “The results show that currently the share of imports on the Russian FMCG market is about 75%,” the message says. Over the past five years, this indicator has remained fairly stable and practically unchanged. The highest share of imports remains in the structure of retail sales of auto parts, children’s games and toys (over 90%), as well as clothing and footwear (80-90%), the article says. The share of imports in retail sales of clothing decreased slightly – from 86.1% in 2017 to 82% in the first half of 2021. Sales of sporting goods (48%), household chemicals and cosmetics (57%), as well as household goods depend to a lesser extent on imports. Although even in these categories, since 2017, there has been a slight, but stable increase in the share of imports. Despite the rupture of logistics and commodity chains caused by the coronavirus pandemic, the share of imports in Russian non-food retail has not decreased. In 2020, the share of imports even increased slightly compared to 2019 – up to 75.8% from 73.5%, the message adds. Reasons for the high share of imports and the effect on the economy “Such results are important from the point of view of economic policy. For example, the issue of lowering the threshold of the competitive position of domestic retail, whose commodity resources are also formed mainly by imports, but will not change the structure of retail in favor of the domestic producer, will only lead to an increase in prices, is currently being discussed. for end consumers “, – quoted in the message the words of the director of the Center for Economic Expertise of the Institute of State and Municipal Administration of the National Research University Higher School of Economics, Marsel Salikhov. Large volumes of imported products in retail are due to structural factors, limited possibilities of domestic production, as well as the peculiarities of consumer preferences of Russians. However, an indirect consequence is that changes in the conditions for importing goods (customs duty rates, duty-free limits, etc.) have a strong impact on final prices and may become an important factor in inflationary pressure, the message adds. In the conditions of the modern economy, the division between “imported” and “domestic” production is conditional. Practically any domestic production to one degree or another depends on the supply of imported components or raw materials. Therefore, an imported product is understood as a finished product available for end use by a consumer, which came from abroad, is contained in the material.